Legal Aid Society
TERMS OF REFERENCES (TORs) for ASSESSMENT OF THE LEGAL SYSTEM FOR RELIGIOUS MINORITIES IN PAKISTAN
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Posted date 12th June, 2024 Last date to apply 24th July, 2024
Country Pakistan Locations Karachi
Category Community & Social Services
Type Consultant Position 1

ASSESSMENT OF THE LEGAL SYSTEM FOR RELIGIOUS MINORITIES

IN PAKISTAN

TERMS OF REFERENCES (TORs)

For Engaging a Qualified Individual or Firm to conduct an External Evaluation of the Religious Minority Program


Program Title:          Religious Minority Program

Organization:            Legal Aid Society

Location(s):               Sindh

Duration:                   2.5 months (From July 1st, 2024 to September 15, 2024)

1.     Consultancy Background

The Legal Aid Society (LAS) is seeking the services of a qualified individual or firm to conduct a comprehensive external evaluation of its Religious Minority (hereinafter RM) program being implemented across 08 districts of Sindh; Karachi, Hyderabad, Dadu, Shaheed Benazir Abad, Sanghar, Khairpur, Sukkur, and Larkana, from September 1, 2020 till September 30, 2024. The aim of this evaluation is to assess the effectiveness, efficiency, relevance, coherence and sustainability of the Program in achieving its stated goals and objectives which must be completed in the span of 2.5 months.

 

2.     Organization Background:

The Legal Aid Society (LAS) is a not-for-profit organization working on its mission to connect vulnerable & disempowered end users of justice with effective and expedient services for the delivery of justice.  LAS is working under the Chairmanship of Justice Nasir Aslam Zahid, former Judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. LAS’s interventions have been aimed at increasing access to justice for the vulnerable and marginalized communities at provincial and federal level.  

 

In Sindh, religious minorities often face discrimination on the basis of their beliefs which results in otherization among minorities and majorities; our research on the Legal Needs Assessment of Religiously Marginalized Communities (RMCs) shows that non-Muslims are often subjected to the entrenched bigotry of the actors of justice sector which leads to the lack of trust among RMCs on justice system and widens the gap between end users of justice and justice delivery system.

 

In line with this, LAS is implementing a Program in Sindh (Karachi, Hyderabad, Sanghar, Dadu, Khairpur, Larkana, Shaheed Benazir Abad, and Sukkur) to assess the legal needs of RMCs in Sindh and protect their freedom of religion and belief (FORB). We have two-tiered approach for the above stated problem; through community awareness sessions and deployment of community-based paralegals we create the need at demand-side and to fill in the demand of access to justice we train and sensitize justice sector actors and create evidence-based research products to design pragmatic interventions at supply side.

The overall goal of implementing supply and demand side interventions to increase the access to justice for the religiously marginalized communities is planned to achieve through following objectives;

  • Sociolegal empowerment of RMCs through education, support, strategic litigation, and establishment of peace committees to create awareness and build legal knowledge.
  • Pragmatic, data-backed interventions in Blasphemy law and its implementations are designed through studying the trends, causes, and perceptions of blasphemy incidents.
  • Enhancing capacity of civil and criminal law actors through dissemination of specific legal knowledge and laws

 

3.     Objectives of the Evaluation:

The primary objective of this evaluation is to assess the effectiveness, efficiency, relevance, coherence and sustainability of the Program in achieving its stated goals and objectives. Specifically, the evaluation aims to:

  1. Evaluate the extent to which program activities have contributed to inform the exact nature of justiciable needs of religious minorities in Sindh to the relevant stakeholders.
  2. Assess the efficiency of the program in terms of resource utilization and cost-effectiveness.
  3. Determine the relevance of the program in addressing the needs of the target beneficiaries and the broader context
  4. Identify strengths, weaknesses, challenges, and lessons learned throughout the Program implementation.
  5. Examine the sustainability of the program and its potential for long-term impact
  6. Provide actionable recommendations for enhancing the Program's impact, scalability, and sustainability in the future.

 

4.     Scope of Work:

This comprehensive program evaluation should cover the duration of the program from September 1, 2020 to September 31, 2024 using qualitative and quantitative methods to evaluate implementation and performance and to make recommendations for the projects LAS will implement under same thematic area. The evaluating firm/ consultant must engage key stakeholders from the justice sector, CSOs, NGOs, and government organizations such as the Sindh law departments, minorities affairs department, home department, and auqaf, religious affairs, zakat & usher department for the necessary data collection. The scope of work for the external consultant shall include, but not be limited to, the following tasks:

  • Desk Review: Conduct a thorough review of Program documents, including proposals, work plans, progress reports, monitoring reports, research reports, policy papers, baseline evaluation, endline evaluation and any other relevant materials to gain a comprehensive understanding of the Program's design, implementation, and outcomes.
  • Stakeholder Consultations: Engage with key stakeholders including Program staff, beneficiaries, partner organizations, government officials, judiciary, IOs, and other relevant actors. Conduct interviews, focus group discussions, surveys, or other appropriate methods to gather insights on stakeholder perspectives, experiences, and feedback regarding the program.

List of stakeholders for key informant Interviews:

  • Senior management at LAS, Program Design team
  • Trained members of judiciary
  • Assembly Members and Government Officials
  • Members of District Peace Committees
  • Trained Police Officials

 

List of Beneficiaries for Key Informant Interviews/Focus Group Discussions:

  • Community beneficiaries
  • Community-based paralegals

 

  • Data Collection: Collect both quantitative and qualitative data to assess the Program's performance against predetermined indicators and targets. Conduct field visits to Program sites to observe program activities firsthand, interact with beneficiaries, and validate information gathered through desk review and stakeholder consultations.
  • Data Analysis: Carry out comprehensive data analysis including quantitative analysis using data interpretation and visualization software, thematic analysis, and comparative analysis with similar programs in other contexts, if applicable.
  • Evaluation Report: Prepare a comprehensive evaluation report documenting findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on the assessment conducted. The report should adhere to professional standards of evaluation and clearly articulate the methodology used, data sources, limitations, and implications for future programming. A 2-page brief summarizing the findings of the evaluation to be submitted along with the comprehensive report.

 

5.   Timeline of the Evaluation:

The total evaluation duration is of four months between 1st September 2020 and 30th September 2024. The evaluator will submit the deliverables as per the given timelines.

 

Deliverable

Timeline

Deliverable

Payment Percentage

  • Inception meeting with the LAS team 
  • Review of Program documents and other related secondary data
  • Inception Reportsubmitted to LAS encompassing:
    • Sampling design,
    • Data collection methodology including but not limited to: surveys, interviews, FGDs, KIIs, quantitative data collection/ analysis, case studies and success studies
    • Data collection tools (in Urdu, Sindhi, and English)
    • Glossary of words used in data collection tools (translated into local language)
    • Quality Assurance Plan
  • Work plan, including field plan
  • Deliverables

 

  • Two weeks after the issuance of the Contract

 

  • Inception report approved by LAS (including data collection tools)

10%

  • Fieldwork
    • Furnishing weekly fieldwork progress reports to LAS
    • Data collection as per the agreed methodology
    • Data entry and cleaning
    • Data analysis

 

  • Five weeks after the issuance of the award

 

 

  • Cleaned dataset shared with LAS
  • Initial findings shared with LAS

 

20%

  • Presentation to LAS staff on key findings and recommendations
  • Draft Report Shared with LAS

 

  • Eight weeks after the issuance of the award

 

  • Draft evaluation report approved by LAS

 

25%

  • Final report submitted to LAS
  • Two-pager infographics, including key findings and recommendations

 

  • Ten weeks after the issuance of the award

 

  • Two pager infographics/brief approved by LAS
  • Final evaluation report approved by LAS and donor

 

45%

 

6.     Qualifications and Experience:

  • Thematic area experience/knowledge: preferably in areas related to the Humanitarian Law and access to justice.
  • Qualification: A postgraduate degree in evaluation, economics, law, social sciences, Program management, or public policy.
  • At least five years experience in conducting evaluations in development sector programs, particularly in the Rule of Law.
  • Fluency in English and Urdu is required.
  • Strong analytical and writing skills
  • Knowledge of the contextual legal and social knowledge related to religious minorities is preferred.

 

Apply By:

1.     Application Process:

Applicants are required to submit their proposals, including:

  • Technical proposal including comprehensive methodology, suggested work plan with timelines, relevant work experience of individual or firm, list of relevant research work relevant to the evaluation that the applicant was previously involved in, and profiles of the evaluation team, along with detailed CVs of key personnel, with their signatures.
  • The technical proposal should not contain any financial information. 
  • Financial proposal covering all costs associated with the evaluation including fees, travel, accommodation, taxes etc

2.     Selection Criteria:

 

  • Technical Proposal

The criteria for selection of technical proposal include the following:

  • Clarity of the technical proposal
  • Suitability of the proposed work plan and methodology in responding to the Terms of Reference.
  • Previous experience related to the assignment will include the total experience of the individual or firm and experience in similar assignments, working with similar donors and the same organization. i.e., demonstrated experience in evaluating particular programs that aim to improve the rule of law or access to justice
  • Qualification and competency of the key staff for the study

 

  • Financial Proposal

The financial proposal will be awarded on the lowest cost basis but in considering the following criteria:

  • The financial proposal should include a component-wise budget.
  • Has relevance and consistency with the technical proposal

 

3.     Copyright: 

  • The above assignment shall fall under the property of LAS, and the individual or firm shall not reproduce or distribute the evaluation report without the prior consent of LAS.
  • All information obtained during the valuation should be treated as confidential and used only for the purpose of the evaluation. All data under possession of the consultant/ firm, once report has been submitted and endorsed by LAS, MUST be destroyed as per agreed process.

 

4.     Notification:

  • Successful applicants will be notified regarding the status of their proposals.

5.     Deadline and Submission:

The deadline for the submission of the proposal is 24th June 2024. 

  • Applicants should email their proposals with in the deadline at [email protected]
  • Please mention "Proposal for External Evaluation of the Religious Minority Program" in the subject line.
  • If you require any further information please email us at [email protected] or call 021–35634112-5
  • You can also visit our website www.las.org.pk for information.

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